Nanchang is the capital city of Jiangxi province is a productive area, a part of the flat, fertile Gan Jiang River Basin, that has been populated since the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD).
The total area of Nanchang is 7,372 km² with the population of 3,934,445 people and a metropolitan area consisting of 4,990,184 people.
It was the early twentieth century, however, that was to bring the city its present fame. The turbulent years of the Republic of China Period (1911-1950) were to come to a head for the emerging communist party in 1927, when Chiang Kaishek once again broke off from his “United Front” (against Japanese oppression). He purged communists from the Nationalist Party and massacred suspected red members in a number of cities, including the Nanchang Commune in April, 1927.
Two members of the Nationalist army and renowned communists, Zhou Enlai and Zhu De, quartered in an old hotel, staged an uprising on August 1st, 1927 with a force of 30,000 (the first, fully organised People’s Liberation Army), taking Nanchang after a five hour street battle. The troops lasted for three days until they were forced to flee, making their way to a remote mountain, Jinggangshan, to join a little known band of troops headed by a young Hunanese called Mao Zedong. The Jinggangshan base area, also known as the Jiangxi Soviet, is now a resort with some beautiful hiking possibilities.
There are 4 counties and 5 districts in Nanchang :
Donghu District ,Xihu District ,Qingyunpu District (,Wanli District and Qingshanhu District .
4 counties are :
Nanchang County, Xinjian County, Anyi County and Jinxian County .
City Flower Chinese Rose
City Tree Camphor Laurel